Melasma describes a relatively common skin problem in which pigment spots form, which are sometimes significantly darker than your own skin tone. The discolouration, which mainly occurs in women, mostly occurs on the face. Although melasma is not a disease and is therefore absolutely harmless, many sufferers perceive it as a visual blemish. However, sticking your head in the sand is not an option, because there are a number of things you can do about it.
We'll tell you more.
causes and frequency
For a long time, melasma (also known as melasma in German) was referred to as a pregnancy mask because this skin problem often occurs in pregnant women, but then subsides again after pregnancy. In general, about 90% of women are affected, with the risk of developing melasma increasing significantly with darker skin tones.
In addition to genetic factors, a hormonal imbalance is superficially held responsible for melasma. Taking birth control pills is just as much a risk factor as stress or some hormonal disorders (e.g. thyroid dysfunction).
UV rays can also promote the formation of melasma.
Dark spots and discoloration on the face, which usually appear symmetrically on both cheeks and sometimes also on the forehead, nose and chin, indicate melasma. In addition, other parts of the body that are often exposed to the sun can also have such pigment spots. They do not cause pain and are completely harmless to health. If you are unsure, a visual dermatological exam can differentiate melasma from other skin problems and diseases.
What to do against melasma?
Since melasma is not a disease, no treatment is prescribed by the doctor. However, the dark spots on the face can take a toll on their self-confidence, which is why most affected women are looking for effective relief measures.
First of all, it is important to avoid direct sunlight as much as possible, as this does not additionally stimulate the pigmentation. Sufficient sun protection with at least a sun protection factor of 30 is therefore a must. But nowadays there are a number of treatments that guarantee a significant improvement in melasma:
- Chemical peeling or dermabrasion/microdermabrasion: These cosmetic treatments remove the top layer of skin. This can lead to a temporary improvement, but must be repeated at regular intervals.
We also recommend paying attention to the following ingredients in your daily care: Retinol (HYPER G [L] O serum), niacinamide, bisabolol ([CUP] U RAW) Acetyl Glucosamine (HIGHKEY RESET Mask), alpha-hydroxy acids ([W] ASH AWAY cleanser). They can all help to gradually remove the hyperpigmented layer and reveal a more even complexion.
Laser treatment can also help. However, treatment should be carried out by an experienced doctor.
Taking the pill should be reconsidered in consultation with the doctor treating you if it makes the problem worse. But the most important aspect of relieving melasma is definitely care, according to Unrefined Riches founder Adelaide Wolters. “I suffer from melasma myself. That prompted me to research and ultimately to develop my own care products,” says Wolters. The aim was and is to develop a care range for different skin types and skin colors that will help with skin impurities and hyperpigmentation, among other things.